Dintre nenumăratele cărți care mi-au picat în mâini în ultima vreme, una dintre ele e absolut genială. De fapt, omul are chiar potențial de mare scriitor. Să dăm glas câtorva citate din opera sa și să ne pretăm (atât cât putem în fața unei asemenea voci) la un mic discurs critic. Iată, așadar, câteva mostre literare spicuite la întâmplare. Mă rog, în cazul de față nu poate fi vorba de întâmplare, pentru că oriunde ai deschide pagina te cutremuri de plăcere.
Celibatar, -ă, celibatari, -e; s.m şi f., „persoană (în special bărbat) necăsătorită; burlac, holtei”. De ce „în special bărbat” ? DEX –ul nu ne explică.
Celibat: „Statut al unei persoane aflată la vârsta căsătoriei, dar care nu este căsătorită”. Pentru „Le Petit Robert”, definiţia este aşadar mult mai tranşantă: celibatarul este cineva care n-a făcut ceva ce trebuia făcut la timpul potrivit. Să se căsătorească la o vârstă decentă, de exemplu, şi să intre „în rând cu lumea”. Pentru că, nefiind în rând cu lumea, societatea, dintotdeauna şi până în prezent, n-a încetat să pună beţe în roate celibatarilor. Acesta plăteşte chirie, impozite, taxe de tot felul, curent, gaz, telefon etc. la fel ca orice cuplu obişnuit. Numai că o face dintr-un singur salar. Veţi spune că el, celibatarul, consumă mai puţin gaz, curent, apă, mâncare etc. decât două persoane sau trei, patru. Discutabil. Un apartament, o casă, o cameră se încălzesc identic, indiferent dacă-l folosesc cinci, zece sau o singură persoană. Şi un bec de 60 de waţi luminează la fel pentru o persoană sau două. Sau impozitul pe clădiri, care nu luminează, dar se plăteşte. Sau, vă mai amintiţi de „epoca de aur” când celibatarii plăteau un impozit mai mare pe salar decât cei căsătoriţi?
Până şi închiriatul unei camere este curată discriminare! Pe lista de preferinţe a proprietarilor, prioritari sunt cuplurile de tineri intelectuali, serioşi şi cu venituri stabile: medici, avocaţi, ingineri, profesori. Celibatarul urmează numai după studenţii cu părinţi bănoşi, în timp ce mama celibatară cu unul sau mai mulţi copii, este ultima acceptată. În lipsă de altceva, probabil. Mamă care, dacă n-a fost inspirată să-şi facă plodul cu un senator sau un director de bancă, pentru a avea parte de o pensie alimentară substanţială, nu are ce aştepta de la stat sau societate. E vina ei că nu e în rând cu lumea!
Când spui bărbat singur, fiecare se gândeşte la un holtei capricios, egocentric, dedicat unor preocupări ce nu pot fi împărtăşite cu o familie, posibil înrăit în ticuri şi manii scuzabile, totuşi. „O femeie singură”, sună cu totul altfel. Ca ceva necuviincios, vecin cu promiscuitatea. Ca un potenţial pericol. O femeie singură – nemăritată, văduvă, divorţată – se bucură de o reputaţie proastă. Dacă nu e „piatră în casă”, precis e o anomalie!
Cu toate acestea, în zilele noastre, celibatul feminin a suferit o mutaţie. Face gimnastică aerobică, are o diplomă, fumează, călătoreşte, conduce maşini sau bussnis-uri solide şi abordează fără complexe drapelul independenţei. Dublă ameninţare: nu numai că femeia vrea să fie singură, dar refuză să fie şi proastă! Drept care, celibatarele sunt studiate pe toate părţile, interdisciplinar, ca nişte fenomene!
Femeia singură îi sperie pe bărbaţi. Pe cei însuraţi, pe celibatari, pe cei divorţaţi şi pe preoţi. Nu şi pe văduvi, spun statisticile. Femeia singură le sperie şi pe femei, nu doar pe cele măritate ci, culmea, şi pe cele nemăritate încă. Oglindă a propriei imagini ieşite din rândul lumii sau concurenţă? Ambele ipoteze pot fi valabile. Multe neveste în schimb, aparţinând unor categorii socio-culturale modeste, o invidiază. De fapt, invidiază imaginea femeii moderne, emancipate: profesoare, inginere, artiste, farmaciste, arhitecte, femei cu studii, capabile să-şi analizeze defectele, dar şi să-şi pună în valoare calităţile. Femei care nu caută un bărbat numai pentru a se pune, financiar vorbind, la adăpost, nici pentru a dobândi un statul social, deoarece îl au deja. Ele sunt reversul imaginii altor femei, tot singure – funcţionare, secretare, coafeze, vânzătoare, muncitoare, şomere – care îşi caută independenţa fie într-o poveste de dragoste, lungă cât o telenovelă, fie alături de un soţ care să le ajute să parvină la un statut social fără de care se simt marginalizate, excluse din „modelul cultural” (şi social) pentru care au fost pregătite. Femei, mai ales tinere, prinse între discursul feminist despre eliberare şi celălalt discurs, cel matern, tradiţional, adept al mariajului cu orice preţ. Tinere care ar trebui, pe de o parte, să-şi răzbune mama pentru viaţa pe care n-a avut-o, iar pe de altă parte, să o liniştească intrând în rând cu lumea.
O confruntare dură din care, inevitabil, se nasc victime. Dar asta, deja e o altă poveste.
A fulminatory evolution due to talent, but also to faith that the pure and honest soul and the free spirit can help you to go further even when life is against you.
Eugen Raportoru succeeds to set himself free through art. Houses from his canvases are not simple landscape evocations. They are true portraits. Each house of Raportoru has soul and call up part of the artist life experience and his feelings gathered over time: shy and quiet at the beginning, then revolted, wept, sad, but still reliable and determined…
The film directed by Calin Peter Netzer was awarded the Golden Bear for the Best Film at the 63rd edition of Berlin International Film Festival Saturday night.
This is Romania’s first Golden Bear at the Berlinale, considered as the second most important Europe film festival after Cannes.
Calin Peter Netzer’s film is a tale of corruption and guilt in modern Romania. It follows a rich and controlling mother, played by Luminita Gheorghiu, as she bribes witnesses into giving false statements to save her son from jail after he accidentally runs down and kills a boy. “Child’s Pose” was a favourite among the 19 contenders. The award was handed over to the director, Calin Peter Netzer, and producer Ada Solomon by the President of the Jury, Wong Kar Wai, one of the most acclaimed filmmakers. With the prize received on Saturday, Calin Netzer joins the club of major Romanian film laureates of the last years, next to Cristi Puiu, Cristian Mungiu, Corneliu Porumboiu, Florin Serban and Marian Crisan. ‘Child’s Pose’ is Netzer’s third feature film after the much awarded ‘Maria’ (2003) and ‘Medal of Honour’ (2010). After he had received the trophy, the film director said: ‘I will try to say something, although I am speechless. I thank the Berlinale for having us here, I thank the festival director, Dieter Kosslick, but also Razvan Radulescu, with whom I wrote the script for this movie.
The film producer, Ada Solomon, in turn, said: ‘I am more used to being a fighter than a winner. I thank our lead actress, Luminita Gheorghiu, because this prize is greatly hers, as well. And, of course, my thanks go to Calin Peter Netzer who made this film’
‘Romanian politicians should be more attentive to Romanian cinema and Romanian filmmakers, who are extraordinary ambassadors for Romania’, Ada Solomon added.
Netzer’s film also landed the international critique award FIPRESCI Friday night in Berlin.
Film critic Tudor Caranfil said ‘Child’s Pose’ is the first Romanian film to receive the Golden Bear trophy, noting that it was actually predictable that the movie would be among the ‘stars’ of the Berlin International Film Festival after its official screening last Monday. In what regards Luminita Gheorghiu, a favourite for the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the 2013 Berlinale, but who lost the trophy to Paulina García (‘Gloria’, director Sebastián Lelio), Tudor Caranfil said: ‘While there have been few quality films, actresses were absolutely brilliant’.
Film director Tudor Giurgiu in his turn said that, maybe after the ‘Child’s Pose’ received the Golden Bear in Berlin, Romanian authorities would wake up and understand that cinematography needs a different approach. ‘I don’t know what Romanian film should still demonstrate to also trigger an appropriate response from the authorities, who should wake up to reality and realise Romanian film industry is under-financed, that cinema theatres are closing down and that CNC is an organisation of the last century’ (…)/ This may be the last minute for all of us to wake up’, Tudor Giurgiu also said.
Filmmaker Stere Gulea also said the Golden Bear received by ‘Child’s Pose’ was the fruit of the directors’ remarkably serious work. Actress Ada Condeescu in turn said the Golden Bear is a great joy to Romania, to Romanian film industry and to the Romanian cinematography community: ‘I, too, congratulate from the bottom of my heart all those on the film crew. She further noted that she was convinced the performance of the actors in ‘Child’s Pose’ had ‘impressed the jury’.
Berlin film festival winners
Best film (Golden Bear) – “Child’s Pose”, directed by Calin Peter Netzer, Romania
Jury Grand Prix (Silver Bear) – “An Episode in the Life of an Iron Picker”, directed by Danis Tanovic, Bosnia
Best Director (Silver Bear) – U.S. director David Gordon Green for “Prince Avalanche”
Best Actress (Silver Bear) – Paulina Garcia for Chilean film “Gloria”
Best Actor (Silver Bear) – Nazif Mujic for Bosnian film “An Episode in the Life of an Iron Picker”
Best screenplay (Silver Bear) – Jafar Panahi and Kamboziya Partovi for Iranian film “Closed Curtain”
Outstanding artistic contribution (Silver Bear) – Kazakh cameraman Aziz Zhambakiyev for “Harmony Lessons”
Alfred Bauer Prize (honouring innovation) – “Vic + Flo Saw a Bear”, directed by Denis Cote, Canada.
Part of the International Fashion Showcase at the London Fashion Week 2013
Opening: Wednesday 13 February, 7-9pm
Precise and refined. Resplendent. Decadent. Subtle and minimalist or eccentric and cutting-edge… Just a few ways of describing Romanian fashion in 2013. Nevertheless, the designers brought together in the exhibition “The Rest Is Tomorrow” prove it is easier to say what it is not than to describe what it is. They belong to different generations and have different aesthetic agendas and concerns, but are united in reviving and reimagining the creative potential of Romanian design, textiles and decorative arts. Their six brands have established individual identities, yet together, they open the way to a new philosophy, a neo-traditional outlook.
The first designer from Eastern Europe who has ever presented a collection at New York Fashion Week, Doina Levintza started her career designing costumes and sets for the Romanian National Television. She made her international debut in fashion in Paris in 1984. Since then, over 100 fashion shows and exhibitions in Romania and in cities like Paris, Monte Carlo, London, Washington and New York made her name renowned all over Europe and the United States.
Irina Schrotter received a degree in Medicine before entering the fashion world, a choice that reflected her passion for art. She launched her brand 21 years ago, in Iaşi, Romania, and her flowing evening gowns and smart business clothes were an instant hit among women in search for an alternative day-to-day wear. At the end of the ‘90s, Schrotter organized for the first time what is now called the Romanian Fashion Week, and in 2001 she took part in the “Prêt-à-Porter Paris” showroom, which was the starting point of her international success. Today her brand is sold across 4 continents in 17 countries.
Andreea Bădală, BA graduate of the Fashion Design department in Bucharest and of a Diploma in Pattern Technology at the London College of Fashion, is the young talent behind Murmur, a brand of daywear and eveningwear for women. The designer combines traditional techniques with experimental ones, the clothes being conceived as 3D objects surrounding the body, with fabrics that give vibration, structure and materiality to the sculptural object. Bădală’s garments are meant to be the final expression of female self abandon, devotion and love.
Lucian Broscăţean has graduated from the BA and MA Fashion Design Course at the University of Art and Design Cluj-Napoca and he is currently teaching at the same institution. Since his debut collection “Nomadic Symptoms” in 2008, he has been exploring different avenues of contemporary fashion. His collections have been presented in various fashion shows both in Romania and abroad. Mobility, nomadic lifestyles, versatility, and heterotopic spaces are some of the seminal zones that Broscăţean explores.
Dinu Bodiciu is a Romanian born, London based fashion designer. After studying Graphic Design as his first degree, he graduated from MA in Fashion Design and Technology at London College of Fashion in 2011. Selected by the Wallpaper magazine as one of the most influential young designers of 2011, Bodiciu sees his creations as an extension of the body and is interested in their ‘organic’ nature, reflected or conflicted through textured fabrics, sharp cuts and graphic elements.
Carla Szabo is an accessory designer based in Bucharest, mostly known for her conceptual jewelery collections developed since 2004. She also collaborated over the years with many established Romanian designers, creating specially dedicated jewelery collections for Irina Schrotter or Stephan Pelger, to name a few. Among her sources of inspiration are the harmony of nature, urban culture, the relation between the past and the present, and self-knowledge.
Special thanks to RoExport UK for their generous support.
When: Preview Wed 13 February, 7 – 9pm. The exhibition is open until 22 February, Mon – Fri, 10am – 5pm.
Where: Romanian Cultural Institute, London SW1X 8PH.
Park City, UT — Sundance Institute announced the films selected to screen in the out-of-competition Premieres and Documentary Premieres sections of the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, January 17-27 in Park City, Salt Lake City, Ogden and Sundance, Utah.
John Cooper, Director of the Sundance Film Festival, said, “We are pleased to see a number of returning filmmakers in our Premieres and Documentary Premieres sections, indicating that there is sustainability, longevity and personal reward to careers in independent film. The films announced today build on each filmmaker’s personal artistic legacy and contribute to the ever-growing and inspiring achievements of the independent film community.”
Trevor Groth, Director of Programming for the Sundance Film Festival, said, “The films in the Premieres and Documentary Premieres sections offer compelling portraits of worlds and people ranging from the beloved to the misunderstood to the unknown. Expertly crafted by some of the most esteemed filmmakers in the world these films have the power to delight audiences at the Festival and impact our culture at large.”
In addition to those announced today, films in the U.S. and World Competition, NEXT <=>, Spotlight, Park City at Midnight and New Frontier sections have been announced. For a full list of films visit www.sundance.org/festival.
A showcase of world premieres of some of the most highly anticipated dramatic films of the coming year. Presented by Entertainment Weekly (http://insidemovies.ew.com).
A.C.O.D. / U.S.A. (Director: Stuart Zicherman, Screenwriters: Ben Karlin, Stuart Zicherman) — Carter is a well-adjusted Adult Child of Divorce. So he thinks. When he discovers he was part of a divorce study as a child, it wreaks havoc on his family and forces him to face his chaotic past. Cast: Adam Scott, Richard Jenkins, Catherine O’Hara, Amy Poehler, Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Clark Duke.
Before Midnight / U.S.A. (Director: Richard Linklater, Screenwriters: Julie Delpy, Ethan Hawke, Richard Linklater— We meet Jesse and Celine nine years on in Greece. Almost two decades have passed since their first meeting on that train bound for Vienna. Before the clock strikes midnight, we will again become part of their story. Cast: Ethan Hawke, Julie Delpy, Xenia Kalogeropoulou, Ariane Labed, Athina Rachel Tsangari, Seamus Davey-Fitzpatrick.
Big Sur / U.S.A. (Director and screenwriter: Michael Polish) — Unable to cope with a suddenly demanding public and battling advanced alcoholism, Jack Kerouac seeks respite in three brief sojourns to a cabin in Big Sur, which reveal his mental and physical deterioration. Cast: Jean-Marc Barr, Kate Bosworth, Josh Lucas, Radha Mitchell, Anthony Edwards, Henry Thomas.
Breathe In / U.S.A. (Director: Drake Doremus, Screenwriters: Drake Doremus, Ben York Jones) — When a foreign exchange student arrives in a small upstate New York town, she challenges the dynamics of her host family’s relationships and alters their lives forever. Cast: Guy Pearce, Felicity Jones, Amy Ryan, Mackenzie Davis.
Don Jon’s Addiction / U.S.A. (Director and screenwriter: Joseph Gordon-Levitt) — In Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s charming directorial debut, a selfish modern-day Don Juan attempts to change his ways. Cast: Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Scarlett Johansson, Julianne Moore, Tony Danza, Glenne Headly, Rob Brown.
The East / U.S.A. (Director: Zal Batmanglij, Screenwriters: Zal Batmanglij, Brit Marling) — An operative for an elite private intelligence firm goes into deep cover to infiltrate a mysterious anarchist collective attacking major corporations. Bent on apprehending these fugitives, she finds her loyalty tested as her feelings grow for the group’s charismatic leader. Cast: Brit Marling, Alexander Skarsgård, Ellen Page, Toby Kebbell, Shiloh Fernandez, Patricia Clarkson.
The Inevitable Defeat of Mister and Pete / U.S.A. (Director: George Tillman Jr., Screenwriter: Michael Starrbury) — Separated from their mothers and facing a summer in the Brooklyn projects alone, two boys hide from police and forage for food, with only each other to trust. A story of salvation through friendship and two boys against the world. Cast: Skylan Brooks, Ethan Dizon, Jennifer Hudson, Jordin Sparks, Anthony Mackie, Jeffrey Wright.
jOBS / U.S.A. (Director: Joshua Michael Stern, Screenwriter: Matt Whiteley) — The true story of one of the greatest entrepreneurs in American history, jOBS chronicles the defining 30 years of Steve Jobs’ life. jOBS is a candid, inspiring and personal portrait of the one who saw things differently. Cast: Ashton Kutcher, Dermot Mulroney, Josh Gad, Lukas Haas, J.K. Simmons, Matthew Modine. CLOSING NIGHT FILM
The Look of Love / United Kingdom (Director: Michael Winterbottom, Screenwriter: Matt Greenhalgh) — The true story of British adult magazine publisher and entrepreneur Paul Raymond. A modern day King Midas story, Raymond became one of the richest men in Britain at the cost of losing those closest to him. Cast: Steve Coogan, Anna Friel, Imogen Poots, Tamsin Egerton.
Lovelace / U.S.A. (Directors: Rob Epstein, Jeffrey Friedman, Screenwriter: Andy Bellin) — Deep Throat, the first pornographic feature film to be a mainstream success, was an international sensation in 1972 and made its star, Linda Lovelace, a media darling. Years later the “poster girl for the sexual revolution” revealed a darker side to her story. Cast: Amanda Seyfried, Peter Sarsgaard, Hank Azaria, Adam Brody, James Franco, Sharon Stone.
The Necessary Death of Charlie Countryman / U.S.A. (Director: Fredrik Bond, Screenwriter: Matt Drake) — Traveling abroad, Charlie Countryman falls for Gabi, a Romanian beauty whose unreachable heart has its origins in Nigel, her violent, charismatic ex. As the darkness of Gabi’s past increasingly envelops him, Charlie resolves to win her heart, or die trying. Cast: Shia LaBeouf, Evan Rachel Wood, Mads Mikkelsen, Rupert Grint, James Buckley, Til Schweiger.
Prince Avalanche / U.S.A. (Director and screenwriter: David Gordon Green) — Two highway road workers spend the summer of 1988 away from their city lives. The isolated landscape becomes a place of misadventure as the men find themselves at odds with each other and the women they left behind. Cast: Paul Rudd, Emile Hirsch.
Stoker / U.S.A. (Director: Park Chan-Wook, Screenwriter: Wentworth Miller) — After India’s father dies in an auto accident, her Uncle Charlie comes to live with her and her mother, Evelyn. Soon after his arrival, India suspects that this mysterious, charming man has ulterior motives but becomes increasingly infatuated with him. Cast: Mia Wasikowska, Matthew Goode, Dermot Mulroney, Jacki Weaver, Nicole Kidman.
Sweetwater / U.S.A. (Directors: Logan Miller, Noah Miller, Screenwriter: Andrew McKenzie) — In the late 1800s, a fanatical religious leader, a renegade Sheriff, and a former prostitute collide in a blood triangle on the rugged plains of the New Mexico Territory. Cast: Ed Harris, January Jones, Jason Isaacs, Eduardo Noriega, Steven Rude, Amy Madigan.
Top of the Lake / Australia, New Zealand (Directors: Jane Campion, Garth Davis, Screenwriters: Jane Campion, Gerard Lee) — A 12-year-old girl stands chest deep in a frozen lake. She is five months pregnant, and won’t say who the father is. Then she disappears. So begins a haunting mystery that consumes a community. Cast: Elisabeth Moss, Holly Hunter, Peter Mullan, David Wenham. This six-hour film will screen once during the Festival.
Two Mothers / Australia, France (Director: Anne Fontaine, Screenwriter: Christopher Hampton) — This gripping tale of love, lust and the power of friendship charts the unconventional and passionate affairs of two lifelong friends who fall in love with each other’s sons. Cast: Naomi Watts, Robin Wright, Xavier Samuel, James Frechevile.
Very Good Girls / U.S.A. (Director and screenwriter: Naomi Foner) — In the long, half-naked days of a New York summer, two girls on the brink of becoming women fall for the same guy and find that life isn’t as simple or safe as they had thought. Cast: Dakota Fanning, Elizabeth Olsen, Boyd Holbrook, Demi Moore, Richard Dreyfuss, Ellen Barkin.
The Way, Way Back / U.S.A. (Directors and screenwriters: Nat Faxon, Jim Rash) — Duncan, an introverted 14-year-old, comes into his own over the course of a comedic summer when he forms unlikely friendships with the gregarious manager of a rundown water park and the misfits who work there. Cast: Steve Carell, Toni Collette, Allison Janney, Sam Rockwell, Maya Rudolph, Liam James.
Founded by Robert Redford in 1981, Sundance Institute is a global, nonprofit cultural organization dedicated to nurturing artistic expression in film and theater, and to supporting intercultural dialogue between artists and audiences. The Institute promotes independent storytelling to unite, inform and inspire, regardless of geo-political, social, religious or cultural differences. Internationally recognized for its annual Sundance Film Festival and its artistic development programs for directors, screenwriters, producers, film composers, playwrights and theatre artists, Sundance Institute has nurtured such projects as Born into Brothels, Trouble the Water, Beasts of the Southern Wild, Amreeka, An Inconvenient Truth, Spring Awakening, Light in the Piazza and Angels in America. Join Sundance Institute on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.
The National Museum of Art of Romania (MNAR) will be hosting thru April 28 the exhibition „Between East and West. Russian painting from the MNAR Collections Fund 16-20th century” at the Kretzulescu Halls. The exhibition is curated by Mariana Dragu, an expert at the MNAR European and Decorative Arts Section. For the first time in more than 20 years, the visiting public has the opportunity of seeing 59 Russian art works – 3 icons and 28 painting from the European and Decorative Arts Museum – significant works from the 16-20th century, which bring to public attention a lesser known yet valuable and carefully preserved and restored heritage over the past twenty years. The work selection illustrates thru a couple of representative examples the development of a painting school which started out influenced by Byzantine art and then Western art and eventually brought deep changes to the European art of the early 20th century.
The icons on display, including Archangel Gavril (16th century, Novgorod School), are brilliant examples of the distinct style of Russian icon painters which evolved from a faithful reproduction of Byzantine art. Marked until the late 19th century by the influence of painters such as Theophanes the Greek or Andrei Rublev, Russian painting combines the old traditions and Western European influences, attaining some great technical refinement in the process.
The 18th century Peter the Great-imposed reforms marked the beginning of modern Russia but also the decline of Byzantine style in Russian painting, whose effects translated into the setting up of the Russian easel art painting school and the first Western European art collections. The new generation of Russian painters of the 19th century brings Russian art in sync with the European artistic trends and movements. They observe and depict in the most faithfully realistic style Russia’s nature and ordinary people (Autumn on the Volga by Konstantin Ivanovici Gorbatov, Landscape with People by Ilia Efimovici Repin, Caucasian Interior by N. Sacilov), taking inspiration from literature, folk customs and traditions in an attempt to depict the specificity of the “Russian spirit” (Russian Dance by Filip Andreevici Maliavin).
Visiting program: Wednesday thru Sunday, 10.00 am – 6.00.
Între Est şi Vest
Pictură rusă într-o cromatică vie şi strălucitoare
Muzeul Naţional de Artă al României invită publicul până pe 28 aprilie 2013 la expoziţia “Între Est şi Vest. Pictură rusă din patrimoniul MNAR”, secolele XVI – XX, deschisă în Sălile Kretzulescu. Curatorul expoziţiei este Mariana Dragu, specialist în cadrul Secţiei de Artă Europeană şi Decorativă a muzeului.
Pentru prima dată după mai bine de 20 de ani, publicul are prilejul să se (re)întâlnească cu 59 de lucrări de artă rusă – 31 de icoane şi 28 de picturi din colecţiile Secţiei de Artă Europeană şi Decorativă a muzeului -, creaţii semnificative pentru intervalul cronologic dintre secolele XVI şi XX.
Aceste lucrări readuc în atenţia publicului un patrimoniu valoros, mai puţin cunoscut, dar conservat şi restaurat cu grijă pe parcursul ultimelor două decenii.
Selecţia lucrărilor ilustrează, prin câteva exemple reprezentative, evoluţia unei şcoli de pictură care a început sub semnul artei bizantine, a continuat sub influenţa celei occidentale, ajungând la începutul secolului XX să contribuie la schimbarea profundă a artei europene.
Icoanele prezente în expoziţie, precum “Arhanghelul Gavril” (sec. XVI, Şcoala din Novgorod), sunt exemple strălucite ale stilului inconfundabil al iconarilor ruşi, care evoluează de la fidelitatea faţă de arta bizantină, spre o mai mare fluiditate a desenului şi o cromatică vie şi strălucitoare. Marcată până spre sfârşitul secolului al XIX-lea de influenţa unor pictori precum Teofan Grecul şi Andrei Rubliov, pictura rusă îmbină vechile tradiţii cu influenţe europene occidentale, atingând un mare rafinament tehnic.
Reformele impuse de Petru cel Mare în secolul al XVIII-lea declanşează modernizarea Rusiei, dar şi declinul stilisticii bizantine a artei icoanelor. Efectele în domeniul artei se manifestă prin înfiinţarea şcolii ruse de pictură de şevalet şi constituirea primelor colecţii de artă occidentală.
Noua generaţie de pictori ruşi aduce, în secolul al XIX-lea, sincronizarea artei ruse cu mişcările şi curentele artistice europene. Ei observă şi redau cât mai fidel, în stil realist, natura Rusiei şi înfăţişarea oamenilor simpli din popor (“Toamnă pe Volga” de Konstantin Ivanovici Gorbatov, “Peisaj cu personaje” de Ilia Efimovici Repin, “Interior caucazian” de N. Şacilov), inspirându-se din literatură, din tradiţiile şi obiceiurile populare în încercarea de a ilustra specificul „sufletului rus” (“Dans rusesc” de Filip Andreevici Maliavin).
Magdalena Popa Buluc